Research Network Page

This page provides a list of scholars currently working in the Khoekhoe and Bushmen Research field
and other useful links. If you would like to be included please send your details to



Documentation of Endangered Languages    =Akhoe -Hai//om

Kalahari Basin Area : Endangered Language and Population History Research

Electronic Bibliography for African Languages  and Linguistics

The Kalahari Peoples Network (KPN) is part of a larger organization called the
Kalahari Peoples Fund (KPF) based in Austin, Texas, that was started over
thirty years ago by anthropologists, mostly associated with Harvard. KPF has
done a tremendous amount of work in human rights, land rights and education,
welfare and empowerment projects. KPN is a fairly new endeavour that is aimed
particularly at the younger generation of San people who are frustrated by lack
of jobs and prospects. (Its other function is to provide accurate information
about the San to people in other cultures.) We are hoping to open up the world
of the Internet as a means of communication both with the rest of the world and
with each other. Ultimately, we are hoping that there will be job and study
opportunities ¬and the chance of friendships across the wide cultural divide.
We are currently busy setting up a social networking page that will facilitate
some of this


Electronic Texts

Bleek, W.H.I. and L.C. Lloyd (1911), Specimens of Bushman Folklore, complete text:  http://www. Specimens of Bushman Folklore

Bleek, W.H.I. (1875) A Brief Account of Bushman Folk Lore and Other Texts. Second Report
Concerning Bushman Researches. Complete text: Bleek Second Report

Hahn, Theophilus (1881), Tsuni-//Goam, the supreme being of the Khoi-Khoi, complete text: http:
// Tsuni-//Goam, the supreme being of the

Diploma Thesis, Robert Konrad Peace Parks in Southern Africa and their Effects on the local
Population: An analysis based on the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

BA Thesis Surely His Mother Mourns For Him .  by Mathew Miller who graduated 2011 from
Harvard Universtiy, where he majored in History and Literature with a focus on Postcolonial
Studies. This senior honors thesis reconstructs the experience of five South African men who
travelled to the United States in 1860 to participate in an ethnological stage show.

Barnard, Alan: Barnard has done fieldwork with Bushmen (or San), Khoekhoe and other population     groups    in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa. He has written some seventy articles and eight books, and his work has been translated into more than ten languages. Amongst his latest projects is an ESRC three years award to work with Gertrud Boden  on issues of kinship and language convergence. The project is part of a much larger EuroBABEL ‘endangered languages’ grant. His latest books include, Social Anthropology and Human Origins (2011, Cambridge University Press) and Genesis of Symbolic Thought (2012, Cambridge University Press).
Boden, Gertrud: ; received her Ph.D for research on social change among the Khwe in West Caprivi/Namibia. Her next project involves working with Alan Barnard on a EuroBABEL endangered languages grant:”Kinship systems in southern African non-Bantu languages: documentation, comparison, and historical analysis”.A link to theTaa-project within Dobes :
Botelle, Andrew: runs a film company in Namibia, Mamokobo Video and Research, with a particular focus on issues of the environment. Andy  has produced some very interesting work about Hai//om shamans.
Dieckmann, Ute: has been working with Hai||om in Namibia since 1999, her main areas of focus are ethnicity and indigenous issues, identity and representation, and nature conservation and its impact on San. Ute is also engaged in a cultural heritage project (Xoms |Omis Project,, the main objective of which is to research, maintain, protect and promote the cultural and environmental heritage of the Etosha National Park and its surrounding area.
Giraudo, Rachel: ; F. Giraudo is an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the California State University, Northridge. In 2011, she completed her PhD dissertation, Intangible Heritage and Tourism Development at the Tsodilo World Heritage Site, at the University of California, Berkeley. Rachel has research interests in cultural heritage, identity politics, tourism, and development among the San in southern Africa.
Grant, Julie: JulieGrant70@hotmail.com is a PhD candidate at the Centre of African Studies, Edinburgh University and a research affiliate in the Centre of Culture, Communication and Media (CCMS), at the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal.  Julie is writing a doctoral thesis regarding South Africa’s land reform policy, specifically exploring the outcomes of the ‡Khomani land claim in relation to livelihood strategies, cultural identity and service delivery.Julie first visited the ‡Khomani of South Africa in 2006 and conducted fieldwork there in 2007-2008.
She maintains close contact with the community and returns periodically to the fieldsite.
Güldemann, Tom:      
Prof. Tom Güldemann
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin,
Institut für Asien- und Afrikawissenschaften,
Seminar für Afrikawissenschaften
Unter den Linden 6
D-10099 Berlin
GermanySpecialist in San languages
Haacke, Wilfrid H. G.; Professor of African Languages, University ofNamibia:           P.O. Box 11585, Klein Windhoek, NamibiaWilfrid, Namibian by birth, studied Bantu languages (i.a. Otjiherero)
initially. From 1973-83 he worked as language planner for “Nama/ Damara”
(Khoekhoegowab), developing teaching materials for and in Khoekhoegowab.  In
1983 he was appointed to set up a Department of African Languages at the
Academy for Tertiary Education, Windhoek, which was superseded by the
University of Namibia in 1992.  His primary interest lies in Tonology,
Syntax, Morphology, Lexicography, Dialectography of Khoekhoegowab and
Comparative studies of Central Khoesaan (Khoe) dialects. Wilfrid has retired from the University of Namibia in 2012 and is now affiliated to the Department of General Linguistics of the University of Stellenbosch as a Research Associate.
Hays, Jennifer:;  jelyha@gmail.comPost-Doctoral Research Fellow, Comparative Indigenous Studies, Department of Social
Anthropology, University of Tromso, 9037 Tromso, Norway. Jennifer has been working with San communities in Botswana and Namibia since 1998 and her main
areas of focus are education, self-determination, and indigenous rights (especially educational rights), corporate responsibility to indigenous communities, and formalization of traditional skills.Henn, Brenna                                                                                                                   Brenna is a human geneticist with a PhD in Anthropology who has been working with the KhoeSan since 2005, mostly with the ≠Khomani and Nama. Her team has also recently started a project with the Himba. The group have published several papers regarding the genetic diversity of the ≠Khomani San  and   have some  publications in the works for next year regarding local adaptation for height and skin pigmentation. Brenna is keen to stay abreast of developments in the Kalahari and to find ways of communicating research results more broadly. Brenna feels strongly about engaging with community concerns and making scientific research more accessible.
Hitchcock, Robert K.   hitchc16@msu.eduRobert K. Hitchcock is Professor of Geography and is a core faculty member in the Center for Global Change and Earth Observations (CGCEO) at Michigan State University.  He is also an adjunct member of the faculty of the Department of Anthropology at MSU and at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, New Mexico.  He serves currently as a member of the Board of Directors of the
Kalahari Peoples Fund, a non-profit 501c3 organization that assists poor people in southern Africa.Originally trained as an archaeologist and anthropologist, Hitchcock has carried out research and development work in North America, southern, eastern, and central Africa, Latin America (Guatemala and Peru), and Hawaii. Over the past four decades (1975-present), Hitchcock has served as an international development consultant, social specialist, and advisor to governments (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Somalia, Swaziland,  the United States) and international agencies on issues relating to resettlement, land use planning, local level development, drought, and disaster
responses, and community-based natural resource management.  Much of his professional career has been spent working on issues relating to the San (Bushmen) of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa,
Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Link to more extensive biography
Link to Hitchcock CV
Keeney, Bradford:; ;
www.thecreativetherapist.comBradford Keeney, Ph.D. is Professor of Transformative Studies, California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco; and Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Rock Art Research Institute, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. The author of over 30 books, he has worked with men and women n/om kxaosi in Botswana and Namibia. He brings a Batesonian inspired cybernetic epistemology and an experiential-interactional approach into the field.
Klocke-Daffa, Sabine:; has done field work among the Namibian Khoekhoen since 1992. Shereceived her PH.D. for research on exchange systems, rituals and informalforms of social support. She is currently working on issues of social securityin times of AIDS in Namibia.
Konrad, Robert, robert.konrad@perelin.tkPhD candidate at the University of Vienna in Social and Cultural
Anthrpology. Working at the Southern Africa Documentation and Co-operation
Centre (SADOCC), www.sadocc.atKoot, Stasja     koot@iss.nlThis is a link to his current work: and my email:

Stasja first got to know the Hai//om Bushmen in 1999 when he did his fieldwork for his MA thesis at the resettlement farm Tsintsabis, Namibia. Based on this, he became the project manager and founder of Treesleeper Camp, a community based tourism project in Tsintsabis ( from 2002-2007 focused on the Hai//om.

After this he worked in the Netherlands as a fundraiser for an NGO and as a teacher at a University of Applied Sciences. In the meantime he also became a PhD candidate to work on a research project at the University of Tilburg/Africa Studies Centre Leiden. His research topic was the local dynamics of Bushmen and tourism developments in protected areas in Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. More specifically the Bwabwata National Park, Etosha National Park, Nyae Nyae Conservancy and Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. This resulted in the PhD dissertation ‘Dwelling in Tourism: Power and myth amongst Bushmen in Southern Africa’ (Koot, 2013).

As a continuation of his PhD Stasja started working at the Institute for Social Studies in The Hague, of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, as a postdoc. Here he continues his research on Bushmen, tourism and conservation in Southern Africa. In addition, he works on a research project called ‘Nature 2.0’. In this project the aim is to understand effects of web 2.0 developments on nature conservation in Southern Africa in particular but also elsewhere.
Kössler, Reinhart (Prof.):
Arnold Bergstraesser Institut, Windausstr. 16, D-79110  FreiburgRelevant field work since 1995 has included work on Gibeon and Berseba
in southern Namibia, on which a good number of articles have appeared,
also a boot, In Search of Survival and Dignity. Two Traditional
Communities in Southern Namibia under South African rule. Later Prof. Kössler became
interested in commemoration events in southern and central Namibia,
which is on-going research with a number of articles published. He is
considering a book publication at this stage. Another line of interest
relevant to this site’s concern is on traditional authorities in southern
Africa, where he hopes to get a research project under way soon, and this
would most likely include a component relevant to Nama in Namibia and
also in the Northern Cape.
Krämer, Mario:;
FB 1 / Soziologie, Universität Siegen, Adolf-Reichwein Str. 2, 57068 Siegen (Germany)Fields of research: Political Anthropology; Violence, Conflict, and Order; Development Sociology;
regional focus on Southern AfricaCurrent research: “Democratisation and neotraditional chieftaincy in Southern Africa”; comparative research project on the transformations of chieftaincy on the background of democratisation and development in Namibia (Topnaar Traditional Authority, Walvis Bay) and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (Ximba & Ngcolosi Traditional Councils, eThekwini Municipality)
Low, Chris – Research Fellow, Bath Spa University, Research Associate, African Studies Centre, University of Oxford. Working on Khoekhoe and San medicine, spirituality, environmental relationships and NGO and museum work related to cultural restitution.
Naumann, Christfried:; in Taa/!Xoon and related languages, especially with regard
to phonetics/phonology, suprasegmental phenomena, morphology, and the
Puckett, Robert Fleming : fleming.puckett@yahoo.comD.Phil. student in Geography Brasenose College, Oxford
D.Phil. project:  “The Strange Case of the Landed Poor:  A Decade of Continued Poverty, Community Divisions, and Frustrated Attempts by Outsiders to Mobilise San Bushman Communities to EstablishLong-Term Livelihoods on Their New Lands in South Africa” Fleming is currently studying the !Xun, Khwe, and =Khomani communities of South Africa and will be spending six months doing fieldwork there during the 2009-10 academic year.
Sapignoli, Maria:  
Maria  is an Italian anthropologist who recently completed a doctoral dissertation at Essex University in the United Kingdom on indigenous peoples, identity, and the politics of indigenous organizations, with particular reference to the San and Bakgalagadi of the Central Kalahari, Botswana.  Her doctoral dissertation was entitled “Local Power through Globalized Indigenous Identities: The San, the State, and the International Community.” She has carried out ethnographic work in the Central Kalahari
Game Reserve (CKGR), in the resettlement sites of New Xade and Kuadwane and did
anthropological analyses of the CKGR Botswana High Court legal cases of 2004-2006, and 2010-2011.She has worked in the Secretariat of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues in New York and at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Rome, Italy and for various non-government organizations in Africa and Central America.She is the author of ‘Indigeneity and the Expert: Negotiating Identity in the Case of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve’, in Law and Anthropology, Michael Freeman and David Napier, eds. pp. 247-268. (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009) and Indigenato Estrategies Politiche in Botswana. Il Caso dei Boscimani del Central Kalahari Game Reserve. D. Phil., Facolta di Lettere E Filosfia, Universita degli Studi de Bologna, Bologna, Italia (2007).  She is the co-author, with Robert
K. Hitchcock of Social Impact Assessment Anthropological Analysis of the Ghanzi Copper Project
Area, Western Botswana. (Gaborone, Botswana: Loci Environmental and Windhoek, Namibia:
SIAPAC, 2011).
Link to Maria’s CV
Schenck, Marcia C. :      
B.A.  history, Mount Holyoke College. Project: Honors Thesis: “Land, Water, Truth and Love – Visions of  Identity and Land Access: From Bain’s Bushmen to ‡Khomani San”Research interests: ethnicity, identity politics, land rights,  indigenous peoples’ rights, oral history, the
role of memory,  development.
Strong, Adrian: adrian.strong@gmail.comAdrian worked for the Nyae Nyae Development Foundation of Namibia in the 1980s based at
/Gautcha and working alongside Ju/’hoansi to build up their communities and farming settlements.  He remained on the board of the Foundation until he left Namibia in 1997. During this time, he became close friends with a number of Ju/’hoansi and with John Marshall.  He subsequently became a filmmaker in Australia, working with indigenous communities there and is currently completing a PhD on filmic representation of the Ju/hoansi, focusing on Marshall’s work.  In 2007 he revisited Nyae Nyae to shoot footage for his thesis film which investigates Marshall’s legacy and the current
problems facing Ju/’hoan communities in Nyae Nyae.
Sullivan, Sian: ; has worked extensively in Namibia on issues of ethnobotany, environment and resource use and much of her focus has concerned the Damara.
Sylvain, Renee:  rsylvain@uoguelph.caAssociate Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of
Renee has worked with San communities in Namibia since 1996. Her research
focuses on the intersections of gender, race, ethnic, and class inequalities
and indigenous people’s rights.
Taylor, Julie: an anthropology/development background, Julie carried out her MPhil andDPhil fieldwork between 2004-2006 in West Caprivi, Namibia, with Khwe
communities.  Her DPhil focused on the socio-political implications of
environmental NGO initiatives on San ethnicity and identity-building. Julie was
in the Development Studies department at Oxford University. Her thesis and
publications can be found at
Widlok, Thomas: Widlok has worked with San people since 1987 when he went to NyaeNyae in Namibia and met filmmaker John Marshall. Over the years he has done more than three years of field research in Namibia, mostly with the =Akhoe Hai//om of Mangetti but also with the Topnaar of the Khuiseb. After doing his PhD (LSE 1994) he published an ethnographic monograph (Living on Mangetti, OUP 1999) and numerous articles. The last five years he has worked on a multi-media documentation of =Akhoe
Hai//om language and culture ( and he is now about to start a comparative research project on hunter-gatherer mobility ( He also does field research in Australia and is currently Professor for Anthropology at Radboud University
Widlok, Thomas:

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